Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men worldwide.1 Only men can get prostate cancer.2 It’s more likely to occur in men with a family history of prostate cancer2 and those who live in more developed countries, where about 70% of cases occur.1 Prostate cancer mainly affects men aged 50 and over, and the risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age.3
In the UK...
- Over 47,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year4
- Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men5
- Approximately 1 in 8 men will develop the condition in their lifetime6
- Black men are more likely to develop prostate cancer (1 in 4 likelihood in comparison to 1 in 8)3
- Every 45 minutes one man dies from prostate cancer, which is more than 11,000 men every year4
- Around 400,000 men are currently living with and after prostate cancer4
Advanced Prostate Cancer
At initial diagnosis, between 17% and 34% of prostate cancers have spread to different parts of the body.7 This means the cancer is in the advanced stage.8 Most of the time, prostate cancer spreads to the bones first.9
Because prostate cancer can spread, it’s important to know what to look for.
If you are currently living with prostate cancer, ask yourself these questions:10,11
- Are you having trouble doing regular activities?
- Are you needing to take or increase the amount of medicine for pain?
- Are you living with aches, discomfort, or pain you can’t explain?
- Are you experiencing any of the following symptoms that may indicate your prostate cancer has advanced?
- Aches, pain, or discomfort10
- Generally feeling unwell10
- Trouble falling or staying asleep10
- Bowel/bladder changes (how often you go to the bathroom)10
- Issues with sexual function11
- Loss of appetite10
- Weight loss12
- Difficulty doing normal activities11
If you answered yes to any of these questions or have other symptoms which are worrying you, it is important that you talk to your doctor.
Advanced prostate cancer can affect you in obvious and sometimes, not so obvious ways.10,11 You may think these things are occurring because of your age, a busy day, or a simple change in routine. But nobody knows your body better than you do – so talk to your doctor about any changes you notice.
For advice on speaking to your doctor, take a look at the Manversation resources.
There are many treatments that can be used across the different stages of prostate cancer.13 If your prostate cancer is advancing, there are treatment options available that, while they may not provide a cure, deliver a variety of benefits for this stage of your disease.13
- 1. Globocan. Prostate Cancer. Estimated Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence Worldwide 2012. Available at: http://globocan.iarc.fr/old/FactSheets/cancers/prostate-new.asp. [Last accessed July 2017]
- 2. NHS Choices. Prostate cancer. Introduction. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Cancer-of-the-prostate/Pages/Introduction.aspx [Last accessed July 2017]
- 3. Prostate Cancer UK. Are you at risk? Available at: http://prostatecanceruk.org/prostate-information/are-you-at-risk [last accessed July 2017]
- 4. Prostate Cancer UK. About prostate cancer: Facts and Figures. Available at http://prostatecanceruk.org/prostate-information/about-prostate-cancer [Last accessed July 2017]
- 5. Tackle. The Prostate and Prostate Cancer – Some facts. Available at http://www.tackleprostate.org/some_facts.php [Last accessed July 2017]
- 6. Orchid. Prostate Cancer and you: a quick guide to prostate cancer. Available at http://www.orchid-cancer.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/6893-Prostate-Cancer-Basics-Z-Card-web.pdf [Last accessed July 2017]
- 7. Cancer Research UK. Prostate Cancer Incidence by Stage at Diagnosis. Available at http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/health-professional/cancer-statistics/statistics-by-cancer-type/prostate-cancer/incidence#heading-Three [last accessed July 2017]
- 8. Orchid. Advanced prostate cancer. Available at: https://orchid-cancer.org.uk/prostate-cancer/advanced/ [Last accessed July 2017]
- 9. American Cancer Society. Preventing and treating prostate cancer spread to bones. Available at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-treating-treating-pain [last accessed July 2017]
- 10. Macmillan. Risk factors and symptoms of advanced (metastatic) prostate cancer. Available at:
http://www.macmillan.org.uk/information-and-support/prostate-cancer/advanced-prostate-cancer/understanding-cancer/signs-and-symptoms-advanced-prostate-cancer.html [Last accessed July 2017]
- 11. NHS Choices. Prostate cancer. Living with prostate cancer. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Cancer-of-the-prostate/Pages/living-with.aspx [Last accessed July 2017]
- 12. Prostate Cancer UK. Advanced prostate cancer: Managing symptoms. Available at: https://prostatecanceruk.org/prostate-information/advanced-prostate-cancer/advanced-prostate-cancer-managing-symptoms [Last accessed October 2017]
- 13. NHS Choices. Prostate cancer. Treating prostate cancer. Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Cancer-of-the-prostate/Pages/Treatment.aspx [Last accessed July 2017]